Both men and women experience hormonal decline with age
For most of people the fifth decade of life is the time for hormonal changes. This is the time when ovaries, testicles and other endocrine glands decrease their production of estrogen, progesterone and testosterone.
In men this phase of endocrine change is called andropause, and in women it is called menopause. The hormonal imbalance that ensues is associated with major physical and psychological changes. Read more
What to do if you are often grouchy
Estrogen working together with neurotransmitters in your brain usually help keep extreme emotions in check but everything changes in menopause. Menopause is notorious for producing mood swings.
What exactly are are mood swings?
They are “extreme and unexplained fluctuations in the mood that interferes with the physical, social and professional aspects of a person’s life.” Another way to put it, they are an overreaction to life’s challenges.
When estrogen production declines to a significant degree (as in menopause), the chemical changes result in alterations in mood that may reach from episodic blowups of wrath and crankiness to intense unhappiness and depression.